Greek Units


Achilles
Achilles

Class: Hero

Information: (circa 1200 BC): Achilles is a master of all forms of combat, but his weapon of choice is Xyphos, a weapon of ferocious capabilities and gift from his mother. Featuring an amazing constitution, Achilles wades into battle without fear.

Achilles’ Fanaticism of the Gods is a mighty battle cry that makes all nearby allied units temporarily invulnerable to enemy attack. As Achilles becomes a more proficient warrior, his battle cry affects even larger groups of troops.

Weaknesses: Achilles is slightly slower than the other Heroes, and he’s not as proficient with the bow. As a result, he can only zoom in x1.

History: According to Homer's Iliad, Achilles was a Greek hero caught up in the Trojan War between the Greeks and Trojans. According to the story, not only was he known for his supreme fighting ability in battle, but was described as "god-like"--referring to his attitude. He fought many battles during the Greek's ten-year siege of Troy. When the Mycenaean king Agamemnon seized the captive slaved Briseis from him during the war, Achilles withdrew the Myrmidons from battle and sulked in his tent. Emboldened by his absence, the Trojans attacked the Greeks and drove them into total retreat. It was then that Patroclus, Achilles's friend and companion, begged Achilles to lend him his armor and let him lead the Myrmidons into battle. To this Achilles consented, but with much later regret. Patroclus was killed by the Trojan prince Hector, and afterward the grief-stricken Achilles returned to battle and met Hector in battle and slew him. He dragged his body in triumph behind his chariot. Achilles fought his last battle with Memnon, king of the Ethiopians. After slaying the king, Achilles led the Greeks to the walls of Troy. During this fight he was mortally wounded in the heel by Paris, the Trojan prince whose abduction of Helen, queen of Sparta, started the Trojan War. Achilles will always be remembered for his unmatched heroic fighting abilities.

Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great

Class: Hero

Information: (356 BC to 323 BC): Armed with a sword and shield, Alexander the Great can quickly slice through legions of enemy soldiers. If the situation is especially dire, he’ll unleash the Bow of Zeus, which fires arrows that have been doused with naphtha. When one of these arrows strikes its victim, it immediately sets them ablaze, turning the surrounding area into an inferno.

Alexander is an excellent, well-balanced Hero. Every time he kills an enemy soldier, you gain extra Glory.

Weaknesses: None

History: Alexander the Great will always be remembered as one of the world's greatest conquerors. Within a period of 8 years, he subjugated the entire known civilized world--and not once losing a battle. He conquered more territory within this short period of time than what many prior conquerors took a lifetime conquering. Even more fascinating is the fact that Alexander was not the type of commander to just sit back and let his forces do all the dirty work. He always deployed himself at the front and fought in the thick of battle alongside his troops. This, of course, placed him in great jeopardy and he was wounded in battle on several occasions. Alexander was wounded in neck and head at the Granicus River, in the thigh at Issus, and the shoulder at Gaza. He suffered a broken leg in Turkestan, was wounded on three occasions in Afghanistan, and, most seriously, had his lung pierced by an arrow in India. More than once he was the first man over the wall at the storming of a city. Although extremely risky, these outstanding feats of heroic display undoubtedly added to the morale of his troops during battle.

Ballistae
Ballistae

Class: Siege Weapon

Information: Field Siege that is good against buildings, walls, and large units. Countered by Cavalry and Infantry.

Weaknesses: Cavalry and Infantry

History: The ballistae (Latin, from Greek ballistes, from ballein “to throw”) is a powerful siege engine of war invented by the Greeks sometime around 800 BCE, and also later used by the Romans. Ballistaes were constructed of different sizes depending on the purposes of siege and field warfare. They not only looked similar to that of a giant crossbow, but also worked on similar principles. Some of the largest ones could throw projectiles weighing up to fifty pounds as far as 400 yards! This particular version fires stones or lead balls, although other versions did shoot (arrows) and darts. Siege engines of similar design were utilized by Alexander during the long-drawn sieges of Tyre and Gaza.

Citizen (Male)
Citizen (Male)

Class: Miscellaneous

Information: Citizens gather resources and builds structures in order to expand your empire.

Weaknesses: Countered by all military units.

History: Depending on the polis (city) you were born, your status could be quite different. In Athens the population was divided into four social classes based on wealth.

Female Civilian
Female Civilian

Class: Miscellaneous

Information: The Female Civilian is a campaign only unit that has no special attributes.

Weaknesses: Countered by all military units.

History: The world of classical Greece was a man’s world. In Athens, for instance, only men had the right to attend the Assembly, vote, hold office and serve of juries. In any economic or legal transaction women were always represented by a guardian, before marriage by their father, and after marriage by their husband.

Fire Raiser
Fire Raiser

Class: Siege Weapon

Information: Good against all melee units. Countered by Archers and Heavy Siege. The Fire Raiser spews hot “Greek Fire” from its mouth, incinerating any unit in its path.

Special Ability: Sets enemy units on fire.

Weaknesses: Archers and Heavy Siege Weapons

History: The first record of “Greek Fire” being used in a military conflict does occur until 700 CE. The substances itself is also believed to have been invented around 673 CE. Thus the Fire Raiser is not only a fictional weapon, but it makes use of substance that did exist in this period.

Javelin Thrower
Javelin Thrower

Class: Archer

Information: Javelin Throwers can throw javelins great distances in order to inflict damage upon enemy units.

Weaknesses: Unknown

History: Javelin throwing was one of the first sports included in the Ancient Olympic Games. In the ancient period javelins were used on mass against enemy armies. Because they were used in such a way, the ability to throw the javelin a great distance was more important then accuracy. Hence, why in the Olympics javelin throwers are graded on the distance of their throw and not on their accuracy.

Ladder Team
Ladder Team

Class: Miscellaneous

Information: The Ladder Team can construct ladders that can be used by other units to assault walls or other elevated defensive positions.

Weaknesses: All Military Units

History: Ladders would normally be constructed by carpenters then brought to a siege by regular military units.

Pedagogue
Pedagogue

Class: Miscellaneous

Information: Good against nothing. Countered by all military units.

Special Ability: Trains formations to increase their attack and defense.

Weaknesses: All Military Units

History: In an ancient Greece a pedagogue was a slave employed by a family to teach its younger sons basic skills. These skills could be military, language or even rhetoric based.

Royal Archer
Royal Archer

Class: Archer

Information: Archer that is good against Spear Infantry. Countered by Cavalry.

Weaknesses: Cavalry

History: The Greeks used many archers in their armies as arrows proved to be remarkably effective against massed formations. Some of the best Greek archers were the Cretans and the Scythian mercenaries--both of which were deployed under Alexander's Macedonian army.

Royal Guard
Royal Guard

Class: Infantry

Information: Core Infantry unit that is good against Outposts and Outpost defenders. Countered by special units.

Weaknesses: Special Units

History: During Ancient Greece, most Grecian infantry were armed with a double-edged sword called the xiphos. It was the primary battlefield weapon for the Greek armies along with the spear or javelin. When not utilizing the spear or javelin, or if these weapons became disabled in battle, the sword was always the weapon of last resort that proved very useful for hand-to-hand combat. Alexander's infantry were comprised of a great number of skilled sword infantry.

Royal Phalanx
Royal Phalanx

Class: Infantry

Information: Spear Infantry that is good against Cavalry. Countered by Archers.

Weaknesses: Archers

History: Hoplites (A Phalanx refers to a group of Hoplites in a Phalanx shape) were the cream of Grecian military for centuries. They were usually protected by helmets, cuirasses, and leg armor. They also carried large shields, long lances, javelins, heavy swords, and sometimes battle-axes and fought in the tightly organized phalanx formation. Hoplites under Alexander used fifteen foot spears, called a "sarrisa", a large wooden shield plated with brass or copper, which was large enough to cover his whole body when kneeling behind it. The sarissa was held ten feet to provide a wall of protection for the ranks. Some of the most advanced form of hoplites were the hypaspists (or "shield-bearers") under Alexander the Great. They were Alexander's elite and crack infantry troops. Although it is believed they utilized only nine-foot spears and less armor, the hypaspists were better trained, motivated, and maneuverable than the hoplite and so therefore Alexander deployed them in battle more. It was primarily through the use of Alexander's Macedonian hoplites organized into phalanxes that Greece was able to conquer the known civilized world.

Royal Squadron
Royal Squadron

Class: Cavalry

Information: Good against Archers and Siege weapons. Countered by Spear Infantry.

Weaknesses: Spear Infantry

History: Alexander's Companion cavalry were the elite Macedonian cavalry serving under Alexander the Great. The Companion cavalry was the senior regiment of the whole army and the one with which Alexander himself fought. These heavy cavalrymen were armed with a spear usually called a xyston, about 12 feet in length. The xyston was spear-tipped on both ends--adding enhanced fighting maneuverability. In battle they would work in conjunction with the Macedonian phalanx. First the Phalanx would secure the enemy into place allowing the Companion cavalry to attack the flank of the enemy. The Companion Cavalry would ride the best horses and receive the best weaponry available.

Spartan
Spartan

Class: Infantry

Information: Good against Cavalry and Infantry. Countered by Archers.

Special Ability: Very slow, very powerful Infantry.

Weaknesses: Archers

History: In Ancient Sparta, the Spartans were known for their rigorous military training exercises. Starting from the age of 7, boys began a series of acrobatic and gymnastic training that would prepare them for the tough road of elite military service that lie ahead of them. In all probability, it was this type of rigorous training that helped prepare Spartan warriors to successfully repel overwhelming odds during battle. The 300 Spartans at the Battle of Thermopylae slew overwhelming numbers of Persians before eventually falling to their "infinitely" numbered forces.

Trireme
Trireme

Class: Boat

Information: Ship that can train Infantry, Archers, Sailors, and Drummers. Use the ship to attack enemy islands and control Naval Outposts. Can also board and ram enemy ships.

Special Ability: Can construct Naval Onagers.

Weaknesses: Other Triremes

History: The Greek trireme constituted a massive three tiered vessel that was propelled by three banks of rowers, for a total of 170 in all. Historically, the Phoenicians constructed the first known triremes, however triremes are probably best known for their role in propelling Athens to dominance in the Eastern Mediterranean in the 5th century BCE.